- A student drops something in the hallway and another student picks it up and hands it back to the rightful owner. (Introductory)
- A student drops something in the hallway and another student finds it much later in the day. The second student then searches to find the rightful owner. They eventually return the item. (Moderate)
- A student drops something in the hallway and another student finds it but there are no clues. The second student searches far and wide (beyond extreme circumstances) to return the object to its rightful owner. They eventually return the item. (Advanced)
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Steps to Get There:
- Location and camera angles; what is the look your team is going for? How will the cinematographer achieve the look s/he is going for?
- Converging or parallel story-lines changes the direction people are walking, running, etc.
- Angle of View is determined by the type of lens the cinematographer uses. The choices are between a wide angle lens and a telephoto lens. Take a look at the following video to get a sense of the difference between these two types of lenses.
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- Depth of Field is the portion of an image that is in focus. Below is a sample clip of shallow depth of field because only one inch on the ruler is in focus at one time. This is achieved by setting the aperture to a very low number (1.8). If you wanted to get all of the ruler in focus at once then you would likely need to film at f11 or higher.
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- Camera Movement is the direction the camera is moved while filming. There are many types of camera movement, including:
- Pedestal / Boom
When done correctly, camera movement informs the viewer of the emotion and pace of a scene. The movement allows the viewer to see a series of information exactly at the moment the director wants them to. Camera movement is a powerful tool in the filmmaker's belt and should be used with intent and purpose. Do not simply move a camera around just because it might look cool. The move must build to the overall meaning of the project.
Angle of View
- Adjust the barrel of the lens to 18mm (all the way zoomed out), and take the picture.
- Staying EXACTLY where you are, adjust the barrel of the lens to 55mm (all the way zoomed in), and take a picture.
- Play the images back and review them on your camera. Note the difference in the field of view (angle of view).
Depth of Field
- Adjust the aperture on the camera so it reads f1.8 and take a picture.
- DO NOT MOVE, but adjust your camera's aperture to f11 (or higher if light permits), and take a second picture.
- Play the images back and review them on your camera. Note the difference in the depth of field (what's in focus and what's blurry).
- Plan out your two moves (pan and tilt).
- Set up your tripod and camera.
- Film your shots as two separate takes. Make sure the moves are as smooth as possible.
- Play the video back and review the clips on your camera. Note the difference between the two and how one might have been more successful than the other.
- Storyboard out your exchange with drawings for all your shots (if not all then most).
- Establish and get approval to use your location of choice.
- Coordinate your actors and rehearse if possible.
- Get a camera and pass from instructor.
- Film your exchange with consideration to lighting and sound.
- Capture your footage on the computer and begin editing.
- Edit and export the rough cut of your exchange.
- Review the rough cut in class and take feedback.
- Make additional changes and edit together the fine cut.
- Screen the fine cut and submit for grading.