**Amps (Ampere):**The available electricty in a system to be used.

**Volts (Voltage):**The pressure pushing electricity to each circuit.

**Watts (Wattage):**The amount of electricity an ojbect needs to work (or how much energy it emits when running).

*Lucky for filmmakers, we don't have to master the science behind electrons, protons, and neutrons in order to use lights. We can simply do a simple equation to figure out how many lights we can plug in to each circuit!*

**What's a Circuit?**

*Notice in this image above that wires run to every room in the house. Some rooms are grouped together on the same (colored) circuit and share the same power supply. This means that if someone trips the circuit (drawing too much power) in one room then all the rooms will lose power.*

**A circuit is where electricity enters and loops through an electrical system.**

*In a circuit, electricity enters and loops through an electrical system. In the image on the left, electricity is entering and existing the light bulb. The image on the right explains that the electricity exiting out of the light bulb is equal to the amount of electricity going in.*

__Kitchens__usually have two circuits because the oven, refridgerator, microwave, and dishwasher all draw a lot of power. Each circuit is likely 20 Amps or more.- The
__dining__and__living room__s are usually paired together on a single cicuit because of typically low electrical needs. __Bathrooms__are usually on their own circuit because hairdryers draw a lot of power.__Bedrooms__are usually grouped together, which can be problematic during New England summers with window unit airconditioners.__Laundryroom__is likely on it's own circuit as well because of the washer and dryer.

*These images above show the same setup for a breaker box; a main line entering at the top, 120v and 240v breakers for a variety of circuits, a ground line, and a neutral line.*

**IMPORTANT NOTE: The circuit breaker box is important to filmmakers because it tells us which rooms are grouped together and which rooms share the same 20 amps of power. **

**So...where do we plug in our lights?**

**Watts = Volts x Amps**

**Mock Scenario**

- You have
__three__lights that you need to light up a living room scene. Each light draws / uses 800 watts.owel Tota__L__ - Look over the house floor plan to study the
__living room__. - Look at the circuit breaker box picture to see what rooms are on each circuit.;
**"****LVD****"**means liviging room/dining room for this house.

**Assignment:**- Figure out how many of these lights we can plug into the LVD circuit.
- Figure out if we need to plug in any lights anywhere else in the house.

**Process**- 3 Lowel Tota Lights (800W + 800W + 800W) = 2400 Watts
**Formula**:**Wattage = Volts x Amps**- 2400W = 110V (Standard USA Outlet) x Amp
- Solve for Amps!
- Divide both sides by 120V; meaning 2400/120 = 20 Amps
- Result: The three lights combined will push the circuit to capacity.

**Answer Summary****We should plug two lights into the Living Room / Dining Room (LVD) and then the third light into an outlet in the kitchen.****If a typical American house has only 20 Amps per circuit then we can plug in TWO of these lights into ONE circuit (drawing about 14 Amps).****However, we need to plug the LAST light into a DIFFERENT circuit (which will draw about 7 Amps).****It is best to be safe and NOT push a circuit to capacity.**