What is "Broadcast Journalism" ? And why study it?
- Do you watch television or listen to the radio?
- Do you consume 'news'?
- Okay, first...what is 'news' to you?
- Alright, now how do you consume 'news'?
- What does "broadcast" journalism mean again?
- Do you think the term 'broadcast' still applies?
- How could we better categorize our work?
- What is your role as a journalist?
- How is that role changing?
Radio, Television & Internet
Electronic News Gathering (ENG)
Electronic Field Production (EFP)
Elements of a News Studio & Control Room
- The news anchors (usually two students) are responsible for writing the script for the broadcast. This script should follow broadcast standards, keeping the information conversational and understandable. it is normal to write stories for a fifth grade reading level to insure that information does not go over the head of your viewers.
- The anchors dress professionally while presenting the news behind the anchor desks. This involves rehearsing the script, as well as reading off the teleprompter while being recorded.
- Floor Manager
- The floor manager is the person responsible for overseeing all jobs in the studio, including anchors, camera operators, lighting, etc. He or she must make sure that the studio is safe (following OSHA guidelines) before, during, and after the broadcast.
- The floor manager must stand directly beside the camera (between the cameras) and must signal the anchors to either begin speaking or to end speaking throughout the broadcast. This person is the communicator between the producer in the control room and the anchors behind the desk.
- Camera Operator
- The camera operator is responsible for setting up the cameras for the broadcast; wheeling them into position, powering them up, turning them on, and connecting the CAT-6 cable connection into the control room.
- The camera operator is responsible for operating the camera (or cameras) during the broadcast, widening out or zooming in the shot throughout the show as directed from the control room. The camera operator is not to talk during the production.
- The camera operator is responsible for putting the cameras away, wrapping up cables, and following OSHA guidelines.
- The producer is responsible for the overall rundown of the show. He or she must run the producer's meeting at the start of the week, coordinating with reporters to see what stories are available and need covering. The producer assigns these stories. The producer then decides the order of the stories for the broadcast, working with the anchors to write the script.
- The producer must oversee that every story is being completed and the packages are coming together throughout the week. If a reporter or team needs help, the producer must find them help or help on their own.
- The producer calls the show in the control room, preparing all the positions for the next shift; "ready camera 1, take camera 1, ready sound effect, take sound effect," and so on.
- The producer gives feedback for all roles, encouraging the crew and anchors on their job well done.
- Video Switcher
- The video switcher is responsible for turning on the Tricaster and building lineup by importing packages for the show. The packages must be in order in the DDR.
- The video switcher is responsible for insuring that the two video cameras and signals are connected to the Tricaster (check with the camera operators).
- The video switcher is the person who runs the Tricaster during the broadcast, opening the show with the intro, putting up different camera feeds, and ultimately mixing the show.
- The video switcher is responsible for emptying the DDR after each show, uploading the broadcast to YouTube, and closing out the equipment, and shutting it down. *Ask Ms. Brown for information about uploading to YouTube directly from Tricaster.*
- Character Generator / Graphics
- The CG operator is responsible for going through the script and making titles for each of the required elements. This involves working with the producer to get a sense of what is required. This includes typing out and updating the scrolling credits at the end of the show.
- The CG operator is responsible for running the titles throughout the show, putting them up for the Video Switcher in advance so the team is ready for each switch.
- The CG operator must clean up and empty out old titles as they become obsolete.
- The CG operator must shut down the Character Generator after each show.
- The teleprompter must use his or her Chromebook to run through the broadcast.
- The teleprompter must get access (in advance) to the script. They must paste it into the website easyprompter.com and make any adjustments as necessary.
- The teleprompter is responsible for going through the script with the anchors to get a feel for their reading speed, matching their pace and pauses.
- The teleprompter must run the Chromebook throughout the broadcast.
- At the end of the broadcast, the teleprompter may unplug his or her Chromebook and clean up the control room desk where they've sat.
- Soundboard Operator
- The soundboard operator is responsible for finding songs to play for the introduction as well as at the end of the show each time. These songs must be SCHOOL APPROPRIATE and must be listened to in advance.
- The soundboard operator is responsible for uncoiling and setting up two lavaliere microphones in the studio for the anchors; also attaching the microphones to each anchor as needed.
- The soundboard operator must perform a full sound check before the broadcast; playing through the various songs (to find levels), asking the anchors to count from 1 to 10 at their normal pace and speaking volume. They must take turns and repeat themselves as needed.
- The soundboard operator is responsible for operating the board during the broadcast, playing the intro song, raising and lowering the anchor microphones, and then playing any additional music that is required.
- The soundboard operator is required to shut down the board, computer, and so on. Also, he or she must wrap up all the sound cables and put away the lavaliere microphones.